Nocturne in E-flat


Frédéric Chopin’s Nocturne in E-flat from his set of Three Nocturnes, Op. 9, has long been a favorite of both pianists and audiences, and with good reason. The richly-ornamented melody, supported by exquisite harmonies in the left hand, perfectly captures the florid bel canto style of Italian opera, which Chopin so brilliantly adapted to the piano.

The temptation in studying a piece like this might be to dive right in and revel in all the gorgeous vocal arabesques, or fioriture, leaving the nitty-gritty work of sorting out the technical and musical details for later. But if we start instead by uncovering the basic structure of the piece, then gradually add the ornamentation back in, we can build a musical foundation that will give us the knowledge and freedom to be both secure and truly expressive in our performance.

The Overall Form

If we look at the big picture in this piece, which is 34 bars long and takes up three or four pages in most editions, we discover that there are in fact only two phrases, each four bars long, and a coda (closing section) of ten measures. The first phrase (let’s call it A) is varied three more times, and the second phrase (B) once more, creating an overall form that looks like this:

A A’ B A’’ B’ A’’’ Coda

Recognizing the simplicity of this structure at the beginning of our study reassures us that perhaps there isn’t as much material to learn as we might have thought, but more importantly, it suggests a plan for our practicing.

Resources and further reading

  • For a complete, downloadable version of this walkthrough, please see From the Ground Up Edition (Click here if you already own it or click here to purchase and get 25% off!)
  • Click here to view introduction to the From the Ground Up series and an index of featured works.
  • Click here to view Skeleton Practice series which serves as background reading with further information on concepts and the approach featured in From the Ground Up.

Subscribe for full access!

Get full access to this content in addition to our growing library of over 1000 articles, videos and other resources for as little as £13.99 per month or £119.99 a year. Click here to sign-up or click here to find-out more (click here to sign-in to view this page if you are already a subscriber).